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Toronto Metropolitan University Fair Dealing Guideline

The Copyright Act includes “fair dealing” provisions that permit use of a copyright-protected work without permission from the copyright owner or the payment of copyright royalties.

To qualify for fair dealing, two tests must be passed. First, the “dealing” must be for a purpose stated in the Copyright Act: research, private study, criticism, review, news reporting, education, satire or parody. Educational use of a copyright protected work passes the first test.

The second test is that the dealing must be “fair.” This Fair Dealing Guideline sets out what dealing is considered “fair” and provides reasonable safeguards for the owners of copyright-protected works in accordance with the law.


Updated: April 3rd, 2013